How To Allocate Resources In Construction?
Construction is a generic term indicating the science and art of to shape systems, objects, or structures, and derives from Latin adhaustic and Old French construction. The verb to construct is also the noun: the act of constructing, and the word in this case is the construction: how a thing is constructed, what its form is, etc. There are various constructions; we will use just two for our discussion: one is when a thing is put together partly by someone, and the other is when a system of parts, whether a machine, a bridge, a building, etc., is constructed by one person entirely on his own.
This article is designed to help students and professional practitioners of all levels in the construction industry to learn more about the different kinds of construction, how they are done, how successful projects are managed, how processes should be structured, the best way to organize such systems, and what is the most important point of each step in the process. The key point to remember in this article is that construction is an art, as opposed to just mechanical work. Art includes the aesthetic appreciation of beauty, including the aesthetics of form, texture, proportion, and unity. Similarly, construction encompasses the use of skills and knowledge, and therefore is a combination of both art and science. This article is therefore recommended read for anyone who is involved in the construction industry, whether full-time, part-time, or freelance.
The three main types of construction include structural engineering, structural design, and carpentry, which is just an overlap of the two disciplines. Contractors, project managers, and subcontractors are usually categorized according to how they contribute to the construction process. Here are the three main classifications of contractors, all of which are crucial for effective construction management.
General Contractors The general contractors are the ones that take care of the big projects. They manage everything from beginning to end, although they are not the ones that actually construct the actual building. Most general contractors start their careers by focusing on a single project. They learn the basics of construction, get some hands-on training, and then specialize in a certain type of construction. When they master their trade, they go on to specialize in another type of construction, working with different clients to fulfill different needs.
Owner Constructors The owner-contractor is the one in charge of managing a construction project, which may not involve other people. He does so because he has hired others to do certain tasks, such as coordinate the bidding and choosing the materials, paying employees, handling the financing, dealing with subcontractors, maintaining the site, marketing the project, and taking care of the people involved. However, he is also responsible for any legal issues, safety, risks, and other responsibilities of the project.
Architect Designers The architects are the ones that take the blueprints, determine the architectural style, work out the functionality of the structure, and hire other people to perform the different tasks that are required. However, an architect is not an owner; he is only an employee of the company that employs him. He is responsible for creating a plan for the construction, hiring the people needed to carry out the tasks, managing the budget, finding materials, managing the schedule, and advertising the project. To be an effective construction manager, allocating resources to the various contractors is important.